Internet Shutdowns In India 2022

Internet Shutdowns In India 2022

Dec 23, 2022

Internet Shutdowns In India 2022

OTA global

Safe Harbour Provisions for OTAs

Dec 24, 2021

The growth of internet and e-commerce have transformed the way businesses operate. The wide availability and far-reaching accessibility of the internet has bolstered the expansion of the travel and tourism industry across the world. This expansion gave rise to Online Travel Aggregators (OTAs), online intermediary platforms that are used by anyone, ranging from a ordinary citizens to multinational companies to advertise, book and browse accommodation for travel. Through these OTAs, people are now a click away from finding the best accommodation as per their needs from across the world.

Encryption report

Encryption: Political Mythology and Technical Reality - Decrypting the Encryption debate in India.

Oct 19, 2021

Encryption: Political Mythology and Technical Reality - Decrypting the Encryption debate in India

Embedded in the right to freedom of speech and expression is the right to selectively express oneself. This right enables the speaker to decide who must be the audience of her speech or expression. A similar right manifests within the right to privacy, which is informational privacy. In the digital age this right is effectively protected by encryption; even for the common person.

Stop Written on a traffice sign board

Content Take Downs on the World Wide Web - A Global Reality

Feb 27, 2020

This paper is a legal analysis of five key cases on global take downs from around the world, namely Swami Ramdev v. Facebook Inc. (India, Delhi High Court), Google v. CNIL (France, CJEU), Eva Glawischnig-Piesczek v. Facebook Ireland Ltd. (Austria, CJEU), Google Inc. v. Equustek SolutionsInc. (Canadian Supreme Court), and X v. Twitter Inc. (Australia, Supreme Court of New South Wales).

Intermediary Liability 2.0 - A Shifting Paradigm

Intermediary Liability 2.0 - A Shifting Paradigm

Mar 15, 2019

This report looks at the current state of intermediary liability laws, notable litigations, present legal framework and glimpses into other jurisdictions including.

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Internet Shutdown

Living in Digital Darkness - A Handbook on Internet Shutdowns in India

May 16, 2018

A report on the state of Internet shutdowns in India, analyzing its emergence as a public policy issue, governing laws, recorded instances, and impact among others.

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Online Harassment Report

Report: Online Harassment - A Form of Censorship

Nov 24, 2016

We at have grown increasingly concerned of late by the appreciable spike in instances of online harassment across platforms. Whereas online speech platforms like social media websites, blogs, and discussion forums set the stage for unprecedented levels of public engagement in relevant policy discourses, the widespread prevalence of abusive, threatening, and otherwise hostile content threatens to seriously hinder the efficient utilization of these critical speech platforms.

Internet Shutdown

Info-graphic on Internet censorship in India (2012 - 2015)

Dec 10, 2015

A record of instances of Internet censorship in India between 2012 and 2015 is depicted in this info-graphic. Details of these instances can be accessed here.

View/Download the info-graphic

India's Surveillance Report

"India's Surveillance State" - Our Report On Communications Surveillance in India

Sep 03, 2014

The report delves into communications surveillance in India and takes an in-depth look at various aspects of India's surveillance machinery, including enabling provisions of law, service provider obligations, and known mechanisms. It examines compliance of India's legal provisions on surveillance with the International Principles on the Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance that were formulated after a global consultation with civil society groups, industry, and international experts in communications surveillance law, policy, and technology.

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Report release

A Report On The Information Technology (Intermediaries Guidelines) Rules, 2011

Aug 29, 2014 released the report, "Information Technology (Intermediaries Guidelines) Rules, 2011 - An Analysis" on Thursday, July 24, 2014. The report was released jointly by Members of Parliament Sh. Jay Panda, Sh. Jagadambika Pal,Sh. Jayant Choudhary along with Dr. Arvind Gupta IT Cell Head of BJP, Dr. Govind CEO, NIXI.

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eBook on IT Intermediary Rules

Mar 27, 2012

Software Freedom Law Center, india ( has brought out an eBook that explains the issues with the Information Technology (Intermedairies Guidelines) Rules 2011. The eBook is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-SA 3.0) license. Please feel free to download and distribute it.

Download eBook on IT Rules